Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, also called ADHD for short, is one of the most common mental disorders that affects children and many adults. There are various symptoms of ADHD that include inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsitivity that causes individuals to have a difficult time remaining still for extended periods of time. There are different diagnosis for ADHD that include inattentive type, hyperactive/impulsive type or combined type and is based upon the symptoms that occurred within the last six months.
Diagnosis for ADHS involves gathering information from parents, teachers, or others along with having a medical evaluation since there is no lab test to determine ADHD in individuals. The specific causes of ADHD have not yet been identified but there is evidence that genetics is a contributer to ADHD.
Making a diagnosis for ADHD will most likely include:
1. Medical Exam
- this is to help rule out any other possible causes of symptoms
2. Information Gathering
- this includes any current medical issues or personal and family medical history
3. ADHD Rating Scales
- helps to collect and evaluation information about individuals
However, there are various types of treatment for ADHD which include:
1. Stimulant Medications
This includes products that contain methylphenidate or amphetamine and are one of the most commonly prescribed medications for ADHD, but there are other medications that may be prescribed. These stimulants are known to boost and balance levels of neurotransmitters, which are also known as brain chemicals.
2. ADHD Behavior & Psychotherapy
Behavioral therapy is an effective treatment and can help to improve behavior, self-control, and self-esteem for children. There is also pyschotherapy which can help improve time managment and organizational skills, reducing impulsive behavior, and develops better problem-solving skills.
3. Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation, also known as TMS, is a noninvasive procedure and is FDA approved that uses magnetic fields to stimulate nerve cells in the brain to improve symptoms of depression. It is also used to treat anxiety and can also be an alternative treatment to help reduce the symptoms of ADHD. It is a safe procedure and is often used when other typical treatments aren't as effective.
If you have any questions about TMS or want to learn more about it, give our office a call at (714)867-7037 for more information.