Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)
TMS is primarily used to treat patients with MDD who have not found efficacy in medication and psychotherapy. Because depression has been linked to low activity in the pre-frontal cortex, the treatment aims to stimulate nerve cells to increase their activity. The coil will be placed on the left side of the head in order to stimulate the dorso-lateral prefrontal cortex of the brain.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
The FDA had recently approved TMS for OCD in 2018. Similar to MDD, TMS treatment can be beneficial for individuals whose medication and psychotherapy have not helped their OCD symptoms. Overactivity in the prefrontal cortex and striatum been linked to the disorder, thus, TMS can lower the activity and reduce OCD symptoms.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
Opposite to MDD, the coil for TMS will be placed on the patient's right side of the head to stimulate the right dorso-lateral prefrontal cortex. The standard stimulation targeted for GAD will also be much lower compared to the treatment for MDD. The working mechanism of TMS will inhibits the overworked nerve cells, thus, lowering anxiety symptoms.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
PTSD symptoms can be disruptive to patients' daily lives and TMS has the potential to restore brain stability that would ease these symptoms. The treatment will stimulate nerve cells and regions associated with PTSD in order to bring it back down to normal levels of activity. Consequently, PTSD symptoms will be less intense and severe for patients.
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
ADHD is a prevalent disorder that have been linked to abnormal prefrontal cortex activity - something that TMS can target and treat in a non-invasive manner for long-term symptom alleviation. The treatment will also improve inhibitory control, which can help the patient in daily life functionings.
If you or your loved ones are looking for alternative treatment to medication, please feel free to contact us to learn more about TMS and appointment-booking.
Americas TMS Center
Phone: (714) 867-7037