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Different Types of Psychotherapy

There are various types of psychotherapy that are used to help individuals manage anxiety, depression, or other mental health issues. There are different therapeutic approaches that psychotherapists may use. This may include Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Psychodynamic Therapy, Dialectical Behavioral Therapy, and Humanistic/Experimental Therapy. Read to learn more about these types of approaches.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) 

This is a short-term, goal-oriented therapy that focuses on the relationship between individuals' thoughts and behaviors and prioritizes the importance of changing any patterns that are considered to be unhealthy. This is an approach that psychotherapists may often utilize if individuals are dealing with depression, anxiety, stress, or phobias. There is a homework component associated with CBT that includes follow-ups during sessions. 

Psychodynamic Therapy 

This type of therapy involves interpreting any mental or emotional processes over behavior. The goal is to help individuals find and recognize any patterns in emotions, thoughts, and beliefs to help gain further insight. Psychodynamic therapy is considered to be goal-oriented as well and can be used as either a short-term or long-term method. It is considered to be effective for a wide range of mental health symptoms that include depression or anxiety. 

Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) 

This is a type of cognitive behavioral therapy that aims in identifying and changing negative thinking patterns. Through this, it is utilized to push for positive behavioral changes. DBT encourages positive behavioral changes and may be used to treat suicidal or self-destructive behaviors. This is also considered to be a modified version of CBT. The main goals of DBT are identified as teaching individuals to live in the moment, developing healthy ways to cope with stress and regulating emotions, along with improving relationships with others. 

Humanistic/Experiential Therapy 

This is a mental health approach that aims in being true to one's self to lead to the most fulfilling life. Humanistic therapy involves two widely practiced techniques: gestalt therapy and client-centered therapy. Gestalt therapy focuses on thoughts and feelings rather than the root causes whereas client-centered therapy provides a supportive environment for clients to rediscover their true identity. 

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